Causes of Vision Loss
The leading causes of vision loss or blindness include:
- Glaucoma — a disease that causes gradual damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that carries visual information from the eye to the brain.
- Macular degeneration — a condition that affects the part of the retina responsible for sharp central vision and is a leading cause of permanent central vision loss in people over 65.
- Cataracts — a clouding of the eye’s naturally clear lens. This most likely results with advancing age.
- Diabetic retinopathy — a complication of diabetes where retinal blood vessels break down, leak or become blocked, impairing vision over time. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-aged adults, ages 20–74 years, in the U.S.
Want to learn more?
You can find additional information about vision loss by exploring our website and by visiting the following links and sites:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vision Health
- American Academy of Ophthalmology
- The Center for the Partially Sighted
- Perkins School for the Blind
- The American Council of the Blind
- The American Foundation for the Blind
- The Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind
- Prevent Blindness America
- The National Federation of the Blind
- American Printing House for the Blind
- Braille Institute of America
- The Seeing Eye
- FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
- American Federation for the Blind Senior Site
- “Guide to Braille Resources” by SuperSummary
- “Childproofing Your Home for a Child with Vision Impairment”
- RehabCenter.net – Addiction treatment and Rehab for Low Vision/Blind Individuals